Youth Wrestling Match Basics
What takes place in a wrestling match:
Before - The wrestlers are each given leg bands of opposing colors (typically red and green). The referee is wearing wrist bands with corresponding colors. The referee awards points throughout the match by raising the corresponding hand.
First - Both wrestlers come forward from the corners of the mat, receive the instructions and shake hands. Next - The referee blows his whistle and signals, "Wrestle."
Next - Each wrestler tries to take control of the opponent by getting behind or on top of him - a "takedown."
Point - The first points are likely to be given for a takedown. When one wrestler gets a takedown, the referee signals 2 points with the appropriate hand.
Then - The DEFENSIVE (or "down") wrestler tries to escape or reverse his position to get on top or behind. The OFFENSIVE (or "top") wrestler tries to stay on top and get a hold with which he can keep his opponents shoulders on the mat for 2 seconds - a fall or pin.
Every match has three periods. Each period is typically 1 minute long (unless modified).
First Period Starts from standing or neutral position.
Second Period Choice of position is decided by toss of coin. The winner may choose either up, down, neutral, or defer choice to 3rd period.
Third Period Contestant with choice may choose up, down, or neutral.